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  6. Simultaneous Analysis of Testosterone and Metabolites

Simultaneous Analysis of Testosterone and Metabolites

After being ingested, drugs normally undergo metabolism by cytochrome P450(CYP) in the liver.
CYP is an enzyme that converts foreign substances introduced in vivo into forms that are easily excreted in vitro.
Many molecular species of CYP have been identified, but among these, 9 species, CYP1A2, 2A6, 2B6, 2C8, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6, 2E1, and 3A4, are primarily involved in drug metabolism. In particular, CYP3A4 metabolizes the majority of commercial medicines.
In this study, analysis examples of testosterone, an indicator substrate of CYP3A4, and 6β-hydroxytestosterone, a metabolite produced from testosterone, will be introduced.

* This reaction is a metabolic reaction indicator for the activity evaluation of HLM (human liver microsomes) in the evaluation of drug metabolism.

Simultaneous Analysis of Testosterone and Metabolites


Testosterone(reaction solution of human liver microsomes)
Metabolites (6β-hydroxytestosterone and 6β-OH TES) produced from the reaction of testosterone, a type of steroid hormone, and commercial human liver microsomes (HLM).


Pretreatment of Sample

0.2 mg/mL Human liver microsomes
10 mM Kpi (pH 7.4)
200 µM Testosterone
NADPH generating system
Total 200 µL

Incubate at 37°C for 30 min

Stop reaction with 2 mL of CH2Cl2

Add 1 mL of 3 M NaCl

Add 20 µL of 20 µM Corticosterone as internal standard

Vortex vigorously

Centrifuge at 2,000 rpm for 5 min

Collect organic layer

Dry under N2 stream

Reconstitute with 200 µL of mobile phase

Inject 10 µL to HPLC


Column HITACHI LaChrom C18 (5 µm) (4.6 mmI.D. x 150 mm)
HITACHI LaChrom C18 (3 µm) (4.6 mmI.D. x 100 mm)
Mobile phase 50% CH3OH/10 mM potassium phosphate buffer (pH 7.4)
Flow rate 1.0 mL/min
Column Temperature 35°C
Detection UV 240 nm
Injection vol. 10 µL

System configuration

5110 Pump
5210 AutoSampler
5310 Column Oven
5420 UV-VIS Detector
Empower2 Data Processing System

Analysis Result

* Results using two columns which differ in size


* This analysis sample was provided by Miki Nakajima, Associate Professor of College of Medical, Pharmaceutical,and Health Science School of Pharmacy at Kanazawa University.

These data are an example of measurement; the individual values cannot be guaranteed.
The system is for research use only, and is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic or diagnostic use.

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